A commentary on aristotles nicomachean ethics and the similarities to socrates

Passages in Aristotle are cited as follows:

A commentary on aristotles nicomachean ethics and the similarities to socrates

Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle With the system of Eudaimonism, Plato and Aristotle attempt to arrive at a theory or system or set of moral principles or values dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation.

They further go on in applying these principles of conduct in governing an individual or group. Their main concern with conformity to this standard of right is the idea of virtue.

They also seem to place one virtue as being of particular moral excellence. The standard and widely accepted definition of Eudaimonism is having a good attendant spirit or a theory that the highest ethical goal is happiness and personal well-being. For both Plato and Aristotle the good appears to be happiness.

For Plato, this is where his interpretation of the meaning of Eudaimonism takes precedence. Eudaimonism takes a three part definition in this respect: This happiness, which appears to be the good, is only attainable through the exercise of certain virtues i.

In the Republic, it is clear that both the individual and the state must contain the virtues of wisdom, courage, temperance, and justice in order to have a functional system or person.

For it is from living in truth to himself i.

Nicomachean Ethics - Wikipedia

Aristotle concludes in Book I, Chap. One way in which Aristotle refers to virtue is as the potential excellence of an individual, which seems to indicate what Plato meant.

Likewise, it is from the soul i. Aristotle also adds that this is an activity. This seems to imply a process which can only continue through a display of the virtue of integrity.

A daimon appears similar to what today one refers to as natural talent or ability or God-given talent. The concept of a daimon suggests this idea well, for it is necessary for one to find this innate potential in order to enjoy life to its fullest i.

A commentary on aristotles nicomachean ethics and the similarities to socrates

In Book IV of the Republic, Plato discusses the three virtues which hold both the ideal state and the ideal individual together which consist of: Aristotle approaches the soul somewhat differently in that he only suggests two parts of the soul Book I, Chap.

What keeps all three elements in the state and individual working properly is justice.

A commentary on aristotles nicomachean ethics and the similarities to socrates

In accordance with this statement, justice is the only way that a state will be productive. The right rule seems to imply justice while those in the state who determine what justice is are the rulers.

By doing so, the state attempts to desire the right thing i. This seems to be the form of education that Plato suggested by placing the rulers in charge with a need to know the good for the state; so that they may set up a state where people can discover their innate potential. Aristotle also suggests that reason needs to rule in the individual.

It also seems evident because Aristotle suggests that it is by wisdom that the soul possesses truth; not to mention, that he states in Book X, Chap. It appears that one gains wisdom through experience; and thus, gains knowledge; so it would be through reason that one is able to arrive at their innate potential.

Socrates states in the Apology p. Many things which Aristotle discusses in the Nicomachean Ethics suggests that wisdom i. Aristotle seems to express that the most important virtue for humans is intellectual i. This all leads back to what Aristotle expresses in Book I, Chap.

In Book I, Chap.May 01,  · Aristotle wrote two ethical treatises: the Nicomachean Ethics and the Eudemian Ethics. He does not himself use either of these titles, although in the Politics (a36) he refers back to one of them—probably the Eudemian Ethics —as “ ta êthika ”—his writings about character.

Socrates. Socrates teaches that a man must know "how to choose the mean and avoid the extremes on either side, as far as possible." In education, Socrates asks us to consider the effect of either an exclusive devotion to gymnastics or an exclusive devotion to music.

From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes Nicomachean Ethics Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays. The Peter Martyr Library Volume Nine Commentary on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics PML9_Aristotle_ Page i Friday, February 17, AM.

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The Nicomachean Ethics (/ is a theme of discussion Aristotle chooses to associate in the Nicomachean Ethics with Socrates, and indeed it is an approach we find portrayed in the Socratic dialogues of Plato. Translation, Introduction, and Commentary. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

SparkNotes: Nicomachean Ethics: Book I