During this time, he is able to learn how to read and write, though Mrs. Auld is hardened and no longer tutors him. Auld as much as it hurts Douglass himself. The mentality of slavery strips her of her inherent piety and sympathy for others, making her hardened and cruel.
Douglass described her as a kind and tender-hearted woman, who treated him "as she supposed one human being ought to treat another". He later often said, "knowledge is the pathway from slavery to freedom. In later years, Douglass credited The Columbian Oratoran anthology that he discovered at about age twelve, with clarifying and defining his views on freedom and human rights.
The book, first published inis a classroom reader, containing essays, speeches and dialogues, to assist students in learning reading and grammar.
When Douglass was hired out to William Freeland, he taught other slaves on the plantation to read the New Testament at a weekly Sunday school. As word spread, the interest among slaves in learning to read was so great that in any week, more than 40 slaves would attend lessons.
For about six months, their study went relatively unnoticed. While Freeland remained complacent about their activities, other plantation owners became incensed about their slaves being educated. One Sunday they burst in on the gathering, armed with clubs and stones, to disperse the congregation permanently.
Thomas Auld sent Douglass to work for Edward Coveya poor farmer who had a reputation as a "slave-breaker". He whipped Douglass regularly, and nearly broke him psychologically.
The sixteen-year-old Douglass finally rebelled against the beatings, however, and fought back. After Douglass won a physical confrontation, Covey never tried to beat him again. Inhe tried to escape from his new master Covey, but failed again.
InDouglass met and fell in love with Anna Murraya free black woman in Baltimore about five years older than he. Her free status strengthened his belief in the possibility of gaining his own freedom. Murray encouraged him and supported his efforts by aid and money.
On September 3,Douglass successfully escaped by boarding a train from the newly merged Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad P.
This depot was replaced by the historic President Street Stationconstructed —; it was noted as a site of other slave escapes along one of many routes of the famous " Underground Railroad " and during the Civil War.
Young Douglass reached Havre de Grace, Marylandin Harford Countyin the northeast corner of the state, along the southwest shore of the Susquehanna Riverwhich flowed into the Chesapeake Bay.
Although this placed him some 20 miles from the free state of Pennsylvania, it was easier to travel through Delaware, another slave state. Dressed in a sailor's uniform provided to him by Murray, who also gave him part of her savings to cover his travel costs, he carried identification papers and protection papers that he had obtained from a free black seaman.
From there, because the rail line was not yet completed, he went by steamboat along the Delaware River further northeast to the "Quaker City" of PhiladelphiaPennsylvania, an anti-slavery stronghold.
His entire journey to freedom took less than 24 hours. I have often been asked, how I felt when first I found myself on free soil.Page iii.
PREFACE. IN the month of August, , I attended an antislavery convention in Nantucket, at which it was my happiness to become acquainted with FREDERICK DOUGLASS, the writer of the following Narrative.
Frederick Douglass () was an African-American in the 19th century. He was born as a slave in Maryland, but learned to read and escaped to the North in the s.. He soon became an abolitionist (someone who wants to end slavery), and worked with other abolitionists such as William Lloyd lausannecongress2018.com was the most powerful speaker for abolitionism.
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However, Douglass has already learned the alphabet and is determined to learn how to read. He gives bread to poor local boys in exchange for reading lessons. Douglass writes that he is now tempted to thank these boys by name, but he knows that they would suffer for it, as teaching blacks still constitutes an offense.
"Once you learn to read, you will be forever free." — Frederick Douglass. Introduction to American Literature 4 Analyzes great writings by Washington Irving, and Frederick Douglass, and Eugene O’Neill.
Strategies from the first two English.