Form and Function The temple is a highly significant institution and scant attention to indigenous textual traditions, site for ritual, and a culturally important type of he was an enthusiastic fieldworker. His architec- structure in the history of Hinduism and up until tural histories drew primarily from his observa- the present day, although for many Hindus it is tions, drawings, and photographs of temples not the primary focus for their religious activities. Fergusson used great variation in the forms and meanings of the religio-ethnic classifications e. At the their monuments, and his was a history of archi- outset, as well, it must be noted that, in both form tectural development that featured successive and function, Hindu temples have a great deal in waves of in-migrations to South Asia.
Hindus and Muslims lived amicably in undivided India until Britain colonised the country, promoted conflict between the two communities, pursued a policy of divide and rule and eventually presided over the division of the country before exiting from the subcontinent.
This is the standard narrative of many Left-leaning historians who shut their eyes to historical truths and moulded history to suit their ideological predilections. The producers of this counterfeit history have just one objective in mind — to denounce indigenous religions and culture, to eulogise religions imported into this land and to expurgate from history books all facts that show the latter in poor light.
A logical extension of this spurious enterprise is to imagine Hindu-Muslim harmony before the advent of the British and blame the coloniser for the discord that emerged between the two communities in the 19th and 20th centuries leading to Partition and much else.
Aurangzeb persecuted Hindus, imposed a tax on them and destroyed hundreds of Hindu temples including the Krishna Temple in Mathura and the Vishwanath Temple in Benaras. He heaped indignities on Hindus and Sikhs and some eminent historians like Jadunath Sarkar, RC Majumdar and Will Durant, who have remained true to their calling, have chronicled the many facets of his oppressive regime.
However, in recent years, historians belonging to the pseudo-secular school have been working overtime to bury these truths and give Aurangzeb a more acceptable face. This is just a sample of the monumental disservice that historians of this ilk have done to our understanding of medieval history and thereafter, the historical background of Partition.
However, the enterprise of this school is not confined to just manufacturing the past. It extends to management of the present as well, with members of this school entrenching themselves in academia and institutions owing allegiance to those who are the prime beneficiaries of their spurious output and denying opportunities to those who oppose this disjunction between truth and history.
That thereafter, this unity was undermined by the policies of the British leading eventually to Partition. As these concepts were at the core of Islamic belief, there was little scope for harmony between Hindus and Muslims. These concepts also had a great bearing on how a succession of Muslim kings ran their kingdoms and the attitude of the Muslim elite in India.
This conflict between Islam and the Indian civilisation has been recorded by many travellers, court historians, writers and poets, and Jain packs her book with valuable quotes from the most authentic chroniclers to clinch the argument that the disjunction was too deep and fundamental for any kind of concord to emerge between the two civilisations.
Further, the attitude of Islam towards the Indic religions resulted in the sustained and barbaric campaign against the adherents of these religions and their places of worship, besides the imposition of jizya tax on Hindus and the plethora of discriminatory practices by Muslim rulers.
This onslaught, however, was not just confined to matters of religion.
It extended to the wider canvass of culture, including architecture and language. In other words, the assault on Indian civilisation was comprehensive and nothing was left out.
The Hindu-Muslim cleavage, largely fuelled by the bigotry of Muslim rulers, remained apparent during the revolt of and persisted thereafter. In the final chapter, the author explains the impact of this cultural dissonance on the subcontinental politics in the latter half of the 19th century.
In short, this is a book that is worthy of recommendation, especially for those who wish to shift history from mythology. Essays on Hindu-Muslim Relations Author:Others were carrying out parallel innovations in the anthropology of other religious traditions.
the other between an Islam of individual creativity and one authorized by religious leaders – as generating our empirical and analytical framework.
In his Islam Observed (). and a historically aware focus on broad spatial patterns and movements. India cannot afford to ignore the Gulf States, continue regional foreign policy preoccupied with Pakistan or simply limit relations with the Middle East to an economic lens.
Commercial interests should overrule any domestic political sensitivity about Hindu-Muslim relations and Shia-Sunni ideologies. Who Cares? Religion and Compassion, spring A concern for compassion is at the heart of every major religion and of many secular spiritual, philosophical or humanistic pursuits.
In Islam, Christianity, Judaism, and Hinduism it is an attribute of God or certain Gods; in Buddhism it . The cycle of violence and pathways to peace Diplomatically speaking, Louis () has presented evidence suggesting that using categorical thinking, stating that you are either ‘with us’ or ‘against us’, forces non-terrorist political opponents into the group labelled terrorists and precludes them from dissociating themselves from.
Grawemeyer Award topic. The Grawemeyer Awards are five awards given annually by the University of Louisville. The prizes are presented to individuals in the fields of education, ideas improving world order, music composition, religion, and psychology. For the history and reality of Canada-U.S.
relations are far more complex than his simple storyline, one in which good friends are always willing to cover one another's back.
There is a way to.