Enteric febrility orTyphus abdominalisare other names of the disease Shamira. It is a bacterial taint of the enteric piece of land and periodically of the vascular system. It is an untypical unwellness with merely 30 to fifty reported incidences in the province of New York each twelvemonth DOH. Majority of the identified instances are obtained through abroad trips to third-world states.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Enteric fever or Typhus abdominalis are other names of the disease Shamira, It is a bacterial contamination of the intestinal tract and sporadically of the vascular system.
Majority of the identified cases are obtained through overseas trips to third-world countries. Etiology of the Disease The causative agent of the disease is a gram negative - motile and non-spore forming bacillus, Salmonella typhi or typhosa; Salmonellosis which is harbored in the human excreta Brunner, This organism is only pathogenic for man and can easily survive in the natural habitat like water or inorganic material.
It can be identified by biochemical reactions and serological grouping and typing of its antigens O for sematic, H for flagellar and Vi for carbohydrate envelope Ackers, Puhr, Taux and Mintz, Sources of Infection Typhoid fever can be spread chiefly by carriers, patients who have recovered from the fever but whose stools and urine may spread these bacilli for years Brunner, Ingestion of infected oysters or shellfish taken from waters contaminated by offshore sewage disposal depots and certain drug substances of animal origin may be contaminated which poses a potential danger.
Mode of Transmission Contact from contaminated foods, milk products, seafood and shellfish and by drinking contaminated water bring about the disease CDCP, Flies may be the vector of the disease and asymptomatic carriers especially food handlers are responsible for infecting a large number of Typhoid cases.
Incidence and Epidemiology Typhoid fever has a world-wide distribution and is usually endemic particularly in areas low in sanitation levels like urban deprived communities WHO, It occurs anytime of the year and the infection is generally milder in the young.
This is commonly seen in individuals between ten to sixteen years of age but all ages may be affected including the very young. There is an increase incidence during foreign travel certain areas of the developing world and in microbiology laboratories.
The incubation period of the disease is usually five to forty days with an average of 10 to 20 days. The disease is communicable as long as bacteria are excreted Bower, The illness is presently uncommon in the United States and Europe but is prevalent in the developing countries such as Africa and Asia, where it can be brought about by trips from these foreign countries WHO, Current researches from South Asia imply that the occurrence of the disease is most common in school age children, with greater incidence of complications and hospital stay, and also shows a greater possibility of early contact to great number of microorganisms that may infect this populace Bhutta, The risks are significantly evident in the Southeast Asian countries.
After eating the food which contains even a minimum infectious dosage of ten thousand microbes, infiltration through the mucosa takes place in the distal ileum causing a temporary, absence of signs bacteria in the blood. The germs endure the normal flora of the intestines and increase in number from the mononuclear phagocytes in the lymphatic system, hepatic system and bone marrow.
Clinical Manifestation There are several classifications of Typhoid depending on the age of the infected person. In general, such infection results in fatal death.
If the fetus survives, it is born prematurely or is small for gestational age, with persistent failure to thrive and manifestations of sepsis during the first week of life. It may resemble that of septicemia or gastrointestinal disturbance. The temperature may be of the septic spiking or saw —tooth type of fever or it may be irregular and usually lasts for about two weeks.
Diarrhea may or may not be present; sometimes there is constipation or transient diarrhea followed by constipation.
Abdominal distention is an accompanying manifestation; rose spots and splenomegaly are frequently seen. Convulsions or meningeal signs are occasionally encountered at this stage. The first week, gradual onset or initial stage may resemble an acute respiratory infection and the patient may present with a low-grade fever which may increase gradually to forty to forty-one degrees Celcius Bower, Temperature may be intermittent which lasts about four to six weeks.
Chilliness or chills may recur in episodes with afebrile periods especially under non-specific treatment. There may be a disproportion between the height of the fever and the relatively slow pulse rate or just may have distinct dichotic wave.
Diarrhea is a significant accompanying symptom when present.Read this essay on Pathophysiology of Typhoid Fever. Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays.
Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more. Only at lausannecongress2018.com". Pathophysiology of Typhoid Fever Essay Sample. Typhoid febrility is a serious. parlous feverish disease brought approximately by the bacteriaSalmonella lausannecongress2018.coming chiefly the lymphoid tissues or Peyer’s spots of the little bowels (WHO.
). Pathology of Typhoid Fever Essay Words 4 Pages Generally a fever is associated with a common cold, but in some cases a fever can be one of the symptoms of the deadly disease Typhoid fever.
Typhoid febrility is a serious. parlous feverish disease brought approximately by the bacteriaSalmonella lausannecongress2018.coming chiefly the lymphoid tissues or Peyer’s spots of the little bowels (WHO. ). Enteric febrility orTyphus abdominalisare other names of the disease (Shamira.
). It is a bacterial taint of the enteric piece of land. Many people think of typhoid fever as something that only occurred in the past, but the truth is that typhoid fever is a popular cause of death in the developing world.
This sample essay, one of the many features offered by Ultius, illustrates how in areas where poverty and underdevelopment are high, typhoid fever is a dangerous killer that is 3/5(9).
Pathology of Typhoid Fever Essay - Generally a fever is associated with a common cold, but in some cases a fever can be one of the symptoms of the deadly disease Typhoid fever. Typhoid fever is caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi.