Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. The delegates of the Constitutional Convention came from all over the country. Each individual came with the intention to keep his interests, as well as, the interests of the region they represented secure. These were educated men with considerable wealth, most of which were involved in politics previously.
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Check the price and Order Now! A constitution is a formal statement of the central governing principles of a nation. The United States Constitution is considered the first modern constitution produced by the European Enlightenment and a model for virtually all subsequently written constitutions.
However, the Constitution was written by men who were deeply influenced by the racial ideology of the day and who were also committed to protecting the significant economic benefits that were provided by the enslavement of African people.
The Framers And Their Times In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, when the American colonies were established and a new nation was beginning to develop, notions of white supremacy and the inherent inferiority of Africans were widely held.
The framers of the Constitution were no different in this respect from their fellow colonists. Several provisions had direct or indirect racial significance, however, insofar as they accommodated the institution of slavery.
The Constitutional Convention in represented an effort to overcome the perceived shortcomings of the earlier Articles of Confederation and form a more viable union. The primary impediment to this process was slavery.
In his notes, James Madison described slavery as the principal source of division at the convention, eclipsing even the conflict between large and small states over political representation. The desire on the part of large states to replace the uniform representation of the Confederation Congress with proportional representation could not be resolved without considering the slavery issue.
Although the enslaved could not vote, Southerners viewed them as a kind of property that deserved protection in the allocation of government power.
Furthermore, the sparsely populated South was reluctant to join a governmental scheme that would leave them as the junior partner to the more populated North. The interest in a more viable political and economic union was dispensable to some Southern delegates if it did not accommodate slavery.
Opposition to slavery among Northern delegates melted when confronted with the intensity of this agenda. As Thurgood Marshall put it in a speech: Accommodations Of Slavery The new union was predicated on federal acquiescence in slavery and the reservation of self-determination for each state.
The document itself was drafted in terms that did not use the words slavery or Negroes or Africans, whether out of embarrassment or political expediency. But the concerns of the slaveholding regions were addressed in various ways. Proportionate representation in the House of Representatives and factoring of direct taxes was based on a population count that recognized a slave as three-fifths of a person.
Congressional regulation of American participation in the international slave trade was prohibited until A fugitive slave clause was adopted as the basis for federal legislation that enabled slave owners to recapture runaway slaves without any legal process.
Other provisions in the Constitution accommodated slavery indirectly. Article I, Section 9, prohibiting federal taxes on exports, prevented an indirect tax on slavery through the taxation of exports produced by slaves. Article I, Section 10, likewise prevented states from taxing exports or imports.
The establishment of an electoral college incorporating the slave-state weighted scheme of proportional representation in Congress meant that Southern states had greater influence on the selection of a president than they would have had with direct popular elections.
The three-fourths majority requirement for amendments made it difficult to amend the constitution without the agreement of slaveholding states, and those provisions of the Constitution permitting the slave trade and requiring direct taxes on slaves at a reduced three-fifths rate could not be amended at all until It was a model of political resolution that continued through the first half of the nineteenth century, but with diminishing returns.
The Northwest Ordinance, which created the territories of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, and Ohio, explicitly prohibited slavery.
Southern delegates also fostered the sense that slavery was a dying system. Congress in prohibited American participation in the international slave trade. Territorial expansion and fugitive slave controversies ultimately undid original expectations that the union could accommodate slave and nonslave states.
The creation of each new territory and admission of each new state generated increasingly acrimonious debate and sectional antagonism. Among the most notable of these efforts was the Missouri Compromise, which in established a permanent geographical boundary between slave and nonslave states and territories.
Adding to the volatile mix was the abolitionist movement, which emerged in the s and antagonized the South to the point that the movement was criminalized.
The Civil War By the s the failure to address slavery at the founding was bearing threatening consequences. Pennsylvaniathe Court invalidated a state enactment that prohibited a slave owner from capturing a fugitive slave without due process of law.The US Constitution: One of the Best Documents Ever Made Essay - There is a constitution in every country to guide the government and to govern the people.
With so many struggles facing the United States of America, . Essay Racism ESSAY. Lielly Kawa 15th June By Lielly Kawa. Racism is discrimination against individuals, social groups or a part of the population, or group of people causing shame, violence, humiliation, spread of information that dishonours a man or a group of people; causing of damage on the basis of skin colour, language, religion .
Racism and the Constitution Essay Sample The Constitution has often been called a living tribute to the art of compromise. The delegates of the Constitutional Convention came from all over the country. The Constitution also provides the framework for the government of the United States.
It creates things like the Presidency, the Congress, and the Supreme Court. Each state has its own constitution that is the highest law for the state — but even then, the United States Constitution is higher.
Racism and the Constitution Essay by sense4nursing, University, Bachelor's, A+, February download word file, 4 pages download word file, 4 pages 3 votes/5(3).
In this constitution, it is stated that every individual should be treated equally regardless of their race, ethnicity, colour, religion, sex, age, and any disability; however, in reality, individuals experience inequality in the form of racism throughout the Canadian society.