WICKER To assess the Inquisition properly, we must distinguish between the principle which undergirded it, and the actions of those responsible for implementing the principle. What role did the inquisition play in the Catholic Church? Christians [should] examine in a spirit of sincerity and open-mindedness.
At the close of the 12th century, heresy was spreading rapidly in Southern France.
|Tribunal at the Inquisitor's Palace in BirguMalta The term Inquisition comes from Medieval Latin "inquisitio", which referred to any court process that was based on Roman law, which had gradually come back into usage in the late medieval period. Although the term Inquisition is usually applied to ecclesiastical courts of the Catholic Church, it has several different usages:|
|Status: Inquisition in the Catholic Church||See Article History Inquisition, a judicial procedure and later an institution that was established by the papacy and, sometimes, by secular governments to combat heresy.|
|History[ edit ] An inquisition was a process that developed to investigate alleged instances of crimes.|
|Status: Inquisition in the Catholic Church||Eucharist T-Shirt The Inquisition Nothing causes more heartburn for Catholics than when they are confronted by well meaning protestants about the Inquisition.|
|There were countless abuses of power.|
Papal legates were sent by Pope Innocent III into the disaffected district to increase the severity of repressive measures against the Waldenses. InPeter of Castelnau was made associate inquisitor for Southern France. The powers of the papal legates were increased so as to bring non-compliant bishops within the net.
Diego, bishops of Osma, and Dominec came onto the scene. InPeter and Raoul went as spies among the Albigenses. The Inquisition was also destined to become a permanent institution.
The vigor and success of the Papal Legatine Inquisition assured this. The synodal courts were given something of the character of inquisitorial tribunals. Synods were to be held in each province annually, and violations of the Lateran canons rigorously punished.
In the face of this inexpugnable record, how futile it is for modern church apologists to pretend that Rome did not shed blood, and was not responsible for the atrocities of the Inquisition.
The Council of Toulouse in adopted a number of canons tending to give permanent character to the Inquisition as an institution. It made or indicated the machinery for questioning, convicting, and punishing.
Heretics were to be excluded from medical practice; the houses in which they were found to be razed to the ground; they were to be delivered to the archbishop, or local authorities; forfeiture or public rights could be removed only by a papal dispensation; any one who allowed a heretic to remain in his country, or who shielded him in the slightest degree, would lose his land, personal property, and official position; the local magistracy joined in the search for heretics; men from the ages of 14, and women from 12, were to make oath and renew it every two years, that they would inform on heretics.
This made every person above those ages a bloodhound to track to torture and kill. Local councils added to these regulations, always in the direction of severity and injustice. The organic development of the Papal Inquisition proceeded rapidly. It was found that bishops, for the various reasons, would not always enforce the cruel canons of the councils.
The chronicle of the inquisitor Guilhem Pelhisso shows the most tragic episodes of the reign of terror which wasted Languedoc in France for a century. Guillaume Arnaud, Peter Cella, Bernard of Caux, Jean de St Pierre, Nicholas of Abbeville, Foulques de St Georges, were all the chief inquisitors who played the part of absolute dictatorship, burning at the stake, attacking both the living and the dead.
One of the leading head Inquisitors of Germany was Conrad of Marburg. Stern in temper and narrow in mind, his bigotry was said to be ardent to the pitch of near insanity.
Conrad was urged by Pope Gregory IX as to "not to punish the wicked, but as to hurt the innocence with fear.
Conrad murdered and terrified countless people in pursuit of his duties, regarding mental and physical torture as a rapid route to salvation.
He was given full discretionary powers, and was not required to hear the cases, but to pronounce judgment, which was to be final and without appeal-justice to those suspect of heresy. He was authorized to command the aid of the secular arm, to excommunicate protectors of heresy, and to lay interdict on whole districts.The Inquisition was an ecclesiastical court and process of the Roman Catholic Church setup for the purpose towards the discovery and punishment of heresy which wielded immense power and brutality in medieval and early modern times.
Inquisition was one means by which both secular and Catholic courts addressed heresy.
By the end of Christianity's first millennium, most of western Europe had been converted to Christianity. By this time, there was little separation of Church and State. The Medieval Inquisition was a series of Inquisitions (Catholic Church bodies charged with suppressing heresy) from around , including the Episcopal Inquisition (–s) and later the Papal Inquisition (s).
Episcopal inquisitions, however, proved ineffective because of the regional nature of the bishop’s power and because not all bishops introduced inquisitions in their dioceses; the papacy gradually assumed authority over the process, though bishops never lost the right to lead inquisitions.
The inquisition process was set up by the Church in the 13 th century, well before Luther’s 16 th century heresies of “saved by faith alone” and “the bible alone.” The formal process was necessary because of the Albigensian Crusade (also known as the Cathars).
At root the word Inquisition signifies as little of evil as the primitive "inquire," or the adjective inquisitive, but as words, like persons, lose their characters by bad associations, so "Inquisition" has become infamous and hideous as the name of an executive department of the Roman Catholic Church.