Psychological consequences of being overweight or obese can include lowered self-esteem and anxiety, and more serious disorders such as depression and eating disorders such as binge eating, bulimia and anorexia.
Short-Term and Long-Term Psychological Effects Sexual assault is a term that is used interchangeably with the word rape. Sexual assault is more readily used in an attempt to be more gender neutral National Victim Center. Sexual assault can be most easily described as forced or unconsentual sexual intercourse.
The individual that is performing these acts on the victim may either be a stranger or an acquaintance. Regardless, this type of crime can have extreme effects on the victim.
Sexual assault is a traumatic event that can cause extreme psychological effects on the victim. These effects can be short-term, and they can manifest themselves into long-term effects, depending on the individual and how the sexual assault occurred.
Victims of sexual assault can be either male or female, with both sexes having fairly similar psychological effects. In addition to these psychological effects, some individuals develop Rape Trauma Syndrome or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, which can be more easily classified as short-term versus long-term responses.
Every individual is different and may differ in their reactions to this event; there is no normal or common way to react Kaminker,pg. For individuals that have experienced this disturbing event, the effects can be described in terms of different phases in which they go through. During the impact phase, which occurs immediately after the attack, the victim tends to fall apart inside.
They often experience shock, which has a sudden and powerful effect on emotions and physical reactions, or denial, which is a state of mind marked by a refusal or inability to recognize and deal with what has occurred Bard and Sangrey,pg. When the victim is in shock they often ask themselves "why me?
Sometimes victims in this phase may feel "numb and disorganized" Bard and Sangrey,pg. When the victim feels numb, they often experience a detachment from their lives and have a sense that they are separate from the ongoing world around them.
During this phase, the victim may also suffer from extreme loneliness Bard and Sangrey,pg. They feel as though there is no one that can help them and that they are alone. This phase "may be expressed several hours or even days after the crime" Bard and Sangrey,pg.
In the second phase, called the recoil stage, the victim struggles "to adapt to the violation and tries to reintegrate their fragmented selves" Bard and Sangrey,pg.
During this phase, the victim tries to recover. This phase is very complex and deals with a lot of issues and emotions. The victim often faces extreme fear and anxiety. They become fearful of their safety, as well as anxious in their surrounding environment. They are afraid of the person that has violated them as well as fearful of being alone.
During this phase, the victim experiences sadness and depression, as well as low self-esteem. Along with this phase comes anger.
The victim either becomes angry with the person who defiled them or they may turn against themselves. Bard and Sangrey,pg.Regardless, this type of crime can have extreme effects on the victim. Sexual assault is a traumatic event that can cause extreme psychological effects on the victim.
These effects can be short-term, and they can manifest themselves into long-term effects, depending on the individual and how the sexual assault occurred.4/4(1).
Abortion can emotionally affect each woman differently. Some women report a sense of relief after having an abortion. The reasons for relief also vary from woman to woman.
Emotional and psychological effects following abortion are more common than physical side effects and can range from mild regret. A recent analysis of 20 studies indicates that between 31% and 57% of women have rape fantasies, and these fantasies are frequent or preferred in 9% to 17% of women.
The Psychological Effects of Abortion Researchers investigating post-abortion reactions report only one positive emotion: relief. This emotion is understandable, especially in light of the fact that the majority of aborting women report feeling under intense pressure to “get it over with.”.
The consequences of violence against women are far broader than the impact on the women victims. Their families and friends may be affected. In the case of intimate partner violence, there is increasing evidence of the negative impact on children of exposure to violence in the family.
May 03, · The Effects of Slavery and Torture on an American Slave In , the first African slaves were brought to the North American colony of Jamestown, Virginia.
The reason why they were brought to America was to aid in the production of such lucrative crops as tobacco and also to get treated lower than animals. This.