Fathers' reports of infant care self-efficacy increased linearly during the first 4 months following the infant's birth while mothers' reports of infant care self-efficacy increased linearly during the first 3 months. At all data collection times, fathers reported significantly lower infant care self-efficacy than mothers. Reports of parenting satisfaction increased over time for mothers and fathers. At 8, 12, and 16 weeks following the infant's birth, mothers' infant care self-efficacy scores were significantly related to their parenting satisfaction scores.
Sex in which the penis enters the vagina. Combination pill A birth control pill that contains 2 hormones: Combined hormone contraceptives Birth control methods — the pill, the patch, the ring — that contain 2 hormones: Combined oral contraceptives Birth control pills that contain 2 hormones: Comstock act An law that made it a federal crime to use the U.
Conception The beginning of pregnancy. The moment when the pre-embryo attaches to the lining of the uterus and pregnancy begins. Condom Thin, stretchy pouches worn on the penis during sex.
Mostly made from latex or plastics like polyurethane and polyisoprene. Sometimes made from lambskin. Also known as birth control. Contraceptive creams and jellies Substances containing spermicide, which block sperm and prevent it from joining with an egg.
These are over-the-counter, one time use barrier methods of birth control. They work best if used with a cervical cap, diaphragm, or condom. It blocks sperm and prevents it from joining with an egg. An over-the-counter one time use barrier method of birth control. Most effective when used with a condom.
Contraceptive foam blocks the entrance to the uterus with bubbles that contain a spermicide to block sperm, preventing it from joining with an egg. An over-the-counter, one time use barrier method of birth control.
Contraction The on-again, off-again tightening of the uterus during childbirth, which causes intense cramping. Copay A set amount of money agreed upon by a patient and an insurance company that the patient must pay out of pocket for medical services and prescriptions.
Copulation Another way of saying vaginal sex, or sometimes sexual activity in general. Corpus cavernosa Two strips of erectile tissue in the glans, shaft, and crura of the clitoris and along the sides of the penis that extend back into the pelvic floor.
During sexual excitement, they fill with blood and become erect. Corpus luteum A mass of cells that temporarily form on an ovary and produce progesterone following the release of an egg each month.
Corpus spongiosum Erectile tissue that forms the glans of the clitoris and penis. In the penis, it runs from the glans along the underside of the shaft, surrounding the urethra. Couvade syndrome Pregnancy symptoms experienced by the partner of a pregnant person.
Pre-ejaculate also reduces friction in the urethra, making it easier for semen to pass through. Cremaster reflex The automatic response of the cremaster muscle, which elevates the testicles when exposed to cold or stimulation. Cross-dresser A person — typically a straight-identified, cisgender man — who sometimes wears clothing associated with the opposite gender for a variety of reasons.
Crura Internal extensions of the corpus cavernosa of the clitoris and penis that attach to the pubic bone. Cryotherapy The removal of abnormal or unwanted tissue — like warts and other growths — by freezing them. Cryptorchidism A condition in which one or both testicles do not descend into the scrotum within 3 months of birth.
Cum Slang for "ejaculate," the sperm-containing fluid that comes out of the penis usually during an orgasm. Curette A small, metal loop used to scrape tissue.The First-Time Fathers Study: a prospective study of the mental health and wellbeing of men during the transition to parenthood.
Australian and New Zealand Journal .
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The birth of the first baby — often referred to as the transition to parenthood (TTP) — is both a time of great joy and great stress for new lausannecongress2018.comgh the literature is mixed, the preponderance of evidence suggests that the TTP has a negative effect on relationship functioning for most couples.
Jul 29, · This was an exploratory study to identify the needs of first-time parents in their transition to parenthood, with the intention of enhancing the education and support provided for them. It was embedded in the notion that becoming a parent forms a major transitional period in a new parent's life.
Jan 16, · This is the first of a series exploring the transition to parenthood and the realities of being a new mom. The transition of parenthood focussing predominately on first-time Fathers accounts: A literature review.
Abstract For a couple experiencing the birth of their first child, this period can be one of great change and unsettlement, but it is a most common example of change within a marital relationship.