Publication[ edit ] The book was published by George M. Its first edition had a printing of 10, copies and was sold in advance of the publication date of September 1, On May 17,the first copy of the book came off the press; Baum assembled it by hand and presented it to his sister Mary Louise Baum Brewster. The public saw the book for the first time at a book fair at the Palmer House in Chicago, July 5—
William Jennings Bryan, politician who backed silver cause Wizard of Oz: US presidents of late 19th Century Wicked Witch: Or simply the American West Winged Monkeys: Native Americans or Chinese railroad workers, exploited by West Oz: Greenback paper money, exposed as fraud Munchkins: He believed the characters could represent the personalities and themes of the late s,with Dorothy embodying the everyman American spirit.
US political historian Quentin Taylor, who supports this interpretation, says: But he failed to win votes from eastern workers and lost the election. The Wicked Witch of the West is associated with a variety of controversial personalities, chief among them the industrialist Mark Hanna, campaign manager to President William McKinley.
In this scenario, the yellow brick road symbolises the gold standard, the Emerald City becomes Washington DC and the Great Wizard characterises the president - and he is exposed as being less than truthful. Off to see the President Yet none can help Dorothy return home. Eventually she discovers that her silver shoes changed to ruby for the film have the power to take her back to Kansas.
The allegory is still taught in schools The possible implication is that gold alone cannot be the solution for the problems facing the average citizen.
Instead he says it was merely explaining the story of the Populist movement, some of whom marched on Washington DC in to demand government improve their plight.
Their demand for the use of silver with the gold standard was not met, although within a few years, inflation returned after discoveries of gold in South Africa and other parts of the world.
But not everyone believes The Wonderful Wizard of Oz includes any hidden meanings.
Little can be learnt from Baum about the modern economic crisis, says Professor Taylor, although in both instances people have demanded more government action. The Bank of England has - as the Populists more than years ago demanded - provided a boost to the monetary supply, although the term "quantitative easing" was probably little known in the s.
And ultimately the US defeated deflation by creating money from new discoveries of gold abroad.
L Frank Baum died before the debates over his true intent had started. He was no doubt unaware of its future appeal to economics students. Below is a selection of your comments. I never thought of TWOO as an economic parable, but it always makes me smile that poppies put you to sleep and snow wakes you up.
Was that in the book or is it just Hollywood? Baum allegedly denied any underlying meaning, but lots of artists like to disclaim hidden agendas and let the audience do whatever the audience will do with the work. For East read banks and railroads; for West, read gold dealers and more railroads; for North, read the heart of the Populist movement; for South, the agrarian region most harmed by the depression.
Sure, Baum was just playing around People can choose to see anything they like. For decades, the gay community has had a fond regard for The Wizard of Oz, perhaps because it could be described as a bunch of misfits finding their way in the world.
If you look hard enough and use a little creative licence, anybody can find anything in a movie like this. Stephen Shingler, Cheadle, Staffs Funny how many people seem almost offended by the idea that this fairytale is an allegory.
Seems most people have forgotten what fairytales are Like ancient and modern myths, they are an allegory first and foremost, intended to teach the originally often ill-educated public, both young and old, about various moral and practical aspects of their time and life in general.
Whether or not the Wizard of Oz was intended as such is beside the point, if it now can function for that purpose, why not? The story of a group of birds looking to someone else to solve their problems until they get to the end of the journey and realise that, through their trials and tribulations, they found everything they were looking for within themselves.
Gregory Maguire - author of Wicked and Son of A Witch - mentions that themes in his book were inspired by this poem.
Whether Baum intended it or not, it does work, and it certainly helped me remember where everyone stood on the silver debate for my exams. Dorothy citizens keeps being told by Tin Man industrialists with no heartScarecrow banks with no brain and Lion politicians who have lost control of the people or animals in the junglethat when you reach the end of the yellow brick road finish using the gold standard you will reach the emerald city start using fiat money and everything will be OK.Lyman Frank Baum (15 May - 6 May ) was a US author, poet, playwright, actor, and independent filmmaker best known today as the creator - along with illustrator WW Denslow - of one of the most popular books in US children's literature, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.
He wrote thirteen sequels, nine other fantasy novels, and a plethora of lausannecongress2018.com Political interpretations of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz include treatments of the modern fairy tale (written by L. Frank Baum and first published in ) as an allegory or metaphor for the political, economic, and social events of America in the lausannecongress2018.com published: Secrets of the Wizard of Oz The film starring a young Judy Garland was based on Lyman Frank Baum's book, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, published in read the heart of the Populist movement; for South, the agrarian region most harmed by the depression.
Sure, Baum was just playing around John Stifler, Amherst, . · Traditional Baum scholars had always been hostile to the idea that The Wizard of Oz was anything more than a delightful children’s story, and they encouraged and cheered the apparent demise of the Baum/Populist lausannecongress2018.com://lausannecongress2018.com Written by Frank Joslyn Baum (Baum's son, who died during the project) and Russell P.
MacFall, the biography did not go beyond Gardner in discussing Baum's politics.(16) Baum's political affiliation was a big part of Littlefield's argument for seeing The Wonderful Wizard of Oz as a Populist allegory.
· Political interpretations of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz include treatments of the modern fairy tale (written by L. Frank Baum and first published in ) as an allegory or metaphor for the political, economic, and social events of America in the lausannecongress2018.com://lausannecongress2018.com