Using tables and figures in an academic research paper

This review summarizes the rules for writing the results section of a scientific paper and describes the use of tables and figures. Figure, paper, results, table, writing Introduction Medical articles consist of review articles, case reports, and letters to the editor which are prepared with the intention of publishing in journals related to the medical discipline of the author. Therefore, it is the most vital part of the article. The first sentence should give information about the number of patients who met the inclusion criteria, and thus enrolled in the study.

Using tables and figures in an academic research paper

Bibliography Definition The results section is where you report the findings of your study based upon the methodology [or methodologies] you applied to gather information. The results section should state the findings of the research arranged in a logical sequence without bias or interpretation.

A section describing results is particularly necessary if your paper includes data generated from your own research. The Results Section and the Poker Game.

Importance of a Good Results Section When formulating the results section, it's important to remember that the results of a study do not prove anything.

Findings can only confirm or reject the hypothesis underpinning your study. However, the act of articulating the results helps you to understand the problem from within, to break it into pieces, and to view the research problem from various perspectives. The page length of this section is set by the amount and types of data to be reported.

Be concise, using non-textual elements appropriately, such as figures and tables, to present findings more effectively. In deciding what data to describe in your results section, you must clearly distinguish information that would normally be included in a research paper from any raw data or other content that could be included as an appendix.

Importance of a Good Results Section

In general, raw data that has not been summarized should not be included in the main text of your paper unless requested to do so by your professor. Avoid providing data that is not critical to answering the research question. The background information you described in the introduction section should provide the reader with any additional context or explanation needed to understand the results.

A good strategy is to always re-read the background section of your paper after you have written up your results to ensure that the reader has enough context to understand the results [and, later, how you interpreted the results in the discussion section of your paper].


Doing Your Education Research Project. Bates College; Kretchmer, Paul. San Francisco Edit; "Reporting Findings. SAGE Publications, pp. Structure and Writing Style I. Organization and Approach For most research papers in the social and behavioral sciences, there are two possible ways of organizing the results.

Both approaches are appropriate in how you report your findings, but choose only one format to use. Present a synopsis of the results followed by an explanation of key findings. This approach can be used to highlight important findings. For example, you may have noticed an unusual correlation between two variables during the analysis of your findings.

It is appropriate to point this out in the results section. However, speculating as to why this correlation exists, and offering a hypothesis about what may be happening, belongs in the discussion section of your paper.

Present a result and then explain it, before presenting the next result then explaining it, and so on, then end with an overall synopsis. This is the preferred approach if you have multiple results of equal significance.

It is more common in longer papers because it helps the reader to better understand each finding. In this model, it is helpful to provide a brief conclusion that ties each of the findings together and provides a narrative bridge to the discussion section of the your paper.

Just as the literature review should be arranged under conceptual categories rather than systematically describing each source, organize your findings under key themes related to addressing the research problem. This can be done under either format noted above [i.

Content In general, the content of your results section should include the following: An introductory context for understanding the results by restating the research problem underpinning your study. This is useful in re-orientating the reader's focus back to the research after reading the literature review and your explanation of the methods of data gathering and analysis.

Inclusion of non-textual elements, such as, figures, charts, photos, maps, tables, etc. Rather than relying entirely on descriptive text, consider how your findings can be presented visually.Regional quantification of feasibility and effectiveness of forest strategies to mitigate climate change should integrate observations and mechanistic ecosystem process models with future climate, CO 2, disturbances from fire, and management.

Here, we demonstrate this approach in a high biomass. RESPIRATORY CARE Journal symposium, “Anatomy of a Research Paper: tables and figures that you intend to place in an abstract. The table or figure should take up no more than one third Effective Use of Tables & Figures in Abstracts, Presentations & .

Using tables and figures in an academic research paper

Tables and figures are essential components of a research paper. Even before you begin preparing tables and figures for your research manuscript, it is essential for you to understand if and when to use them.

Here are some tips to help you better. Instead of using only descriptive text for your scholarly article, consider other visual ways and representations that improve the academic writing of your research paper. Figures, tables and graphs are useful methods for gathering a great deal of information into one place that can then be mentioned in the content of your article.

Quantitative methods emphasize objective measurements and the statistical, mathematical, or numerical analysis of data collected through polls, questionnaires, and surveys, or by manipulating pre-existing statistical data using computational lausannecongress2018.comtative research focuses on gathering numerical data and generalizing it across groups of people or to explain a particular phenomenon. Research & writing for assignments. University assignments are a big challenge, but we can guide you. Get help with all aspects of your assignment, from research to writing. Preparing figures. Authors should keep the number of illustrations to a minimum. Figures should be intelligible without reference to the text. When you submit your manuscript for review, you should combine the figure files with the manuscript text in a single PDF file, with the figures at the end.

Preparing figures. Authors should keep the number of illustrations to a minimum. Figures should be intelligible without reference to the text. When you submit your manuscript for review, you should combine the figure files with the manuscript text in a single PDF file, with the figures at the end.

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